Building and mining gear cover a variety of machinery such as hydraulic excavators, wheel loaders, backhoe loaders, bull dozers, dump trucks, tippers, graders, pavers, asphalt drum / wet mix plants, breakers, vibratory compactors, cranes, fork lifts, dozers, off-highway dumpers (20T to 170T), drills, scrapers, motor graders, rope shovels and so forth. They perform a assortment of functions like preparation of ground, excavation, haulage of material, dumping/laying in specified manner, material handling, road construction and so on. These gear are required for both construction and mining activity.
With a wide production capacity base, India is possibly the only developing country, which is entirely self-reliant in such highly sophisticated gear.
India has only a couple of, primarily medium and huge companies in the organized sector who manufacture these. The technologies barriers are high, specially with respect to mining gear and consequently the part of SME’s is restricted to manufacture of components and some sub-assemblies.
Prior to the 1960s, domestic requirements of mining and building equipment had been entirely met by imports.
Domestic production began in 1964 with the setting up of Bharat Earthmovers Ltd. (BEML), a public sector unit of the Ministry of Defence, at Kolar in South India to manufacture dozers, dumpers, graders, scrapers, and so on. for defence needs beneath licence from LeTorneau Westinghouse, USA and Komatsu, Japan. In the private sector, the Hindustan Motors’ Earthmoving Equipment Division, was established in 1969 at Tiruvallur, close to Chennai with technical collaboration from Terex, UK for manufacture of wheel loaders, dozers & dumpers. This factory has considering that been taken more than by Caterpillar for their Indian operations. The machines manufactured by Caterpillar in the Tiruvallur factory are marketed by TIL and GMMCO.
In 1974, L&T started manufacturing hydraulic excavators under license from Poclain, France. In 1980 and 1981, two more units, Telcon and Escorts JCB commenced manufacture of hydraulic excavators (beneath license from Hitachi, Japan) and backhoe loaders (below license from JCB, UK) respectively. Escorts JCB has been taken more than by JC Bamford Excavators Ltd. U.K. in 2003 and is now referred to as JCB India Ltd. In 1970s Escorts Limited started manufacturing Cranes in collaboration with Faun AG and Rapier & Ransome. (Pulverizer for sale in India)
Volvo and Terex Vectra are the most current entrants in the Indian market place. Volvo has set up their manufacturing unit in Bangalore.
At present they are only manufacturing tippers and the other gear are imported from their parent organization and marketed in India.
Terex Corporation USA and Vectra Ltd. U.K. have formed a joint venture, which has began manufacturing building equipment like backhoe loaders and skid steer loaders from Might ’04 at Greater Noida with an investment of USD 12 million. Other gear in the Terex range are getting sold through their agents in India.
Most of the technology leaders like Case, Caterpillar, Hitachi, Ingersoll-Rand, JCB, John Deere, Joy Mining Machinery, Komatsu, Lieberr, Poclain, Terex, Volvo are present in India as joint venture companies, or have set up their own manufacturing facilities, or advertising organizations.
The industry has created substantial investments in the current past for setting up manufacturing bases, regardless of tiny volumes and uneconomic scales of production compared to international standards.